The next stop of the Lapland field trip brought ROSEWOOD partners in the midst of the forest, to a forest thinning site of Metsähallitus, the Finnish state-owned enterprise which manages a large part of the country’s woodlands. Metsähallitus employs state-of-the-art technology to ensure sustainable operations. At the site partners visited, thinning is limited to old trees that hinder young stands from growing and is done with the newest harvester models of Ponsse, a Finnish forestry machine manufacturer, which cuts and barks Nordic spruce stems in less than a minute. Ponsse is a ROSEWOOD Best Practice selected by the Northern Hub. For a description of the Ponsse the ROSEWOOD Best Practice factsheet can be downloaded here.
The types of felling undertaken in Finland are regeneration felling and intermediate felling. In intermediate felling trees are harvested in a way that the growing conditions of the remaining stand improve. In regeneration felling the whole growing stock, except for the seed and shelterwood trees, is harvested. In natural regeneration, the new generation of trees is established naturally from the seeds of seed trees or shelterwood left standing in the felling site, or from seed in the woods adjacent to the felling area. In artificial regeneration, the new tree generation is established by seeding or planting. To find out more about the Metsähallitus approach to sustainable forestry operations watch this official Metsähallitus video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elXlVScxuVU
Machines are equipped with the software WoodForce that documents the volume cut and provides digital protocols. This allows customers like Metsähallitus to check, if quotas for sustainable harvesting are observed by forest contractors.
WoodForce is a planning- and steering system for harvesting and silviculture to optimize and strengthen the supply chains of forestry. WoodForce supports a changing trend where progressive companies now contract for several forest companies and do the planning with one system. Since the contractor understands local conditions best, forest harvesting operations become more efficient: the contractor has direct control over work plans and scheduling his own fleet of harvesters and trucks. The similar system LogForce is a software service for forestry related transport.
Watch more videos of the Ponsse harvester here https://youtu.be/I1VAp5qKzS4